Continuum of Care Reform: Implementation Sandbox

California’s Continuum of Care Reform (CCR) took effect this year, restructuring our foster care system to reduce reliance on congregate care and prioritize placements in committed family homes.  Implementation of this ambitious reform is raising a number of questions as we charter new territory. Our Continuum of Care Reform: Implementation Sandbox is a new series that addresses these questions, including issues surrounding Resource Family Approval, to help ensure CCR’s intent is carried out in practice.

Resource Family Approval

No, not necessarily. The agency in charge of the RFA application should consider a Documented Alternative Plan (DAP) for any family whose home is too small to meet approval standards. A DAP is a written alternative plan that allows the RFA applicant to meet the home environment standards in a different way. For example, a DAP might be appropriate if the RFA applicant’s home has smaller rooms or fewer bedrooms than required. The caseworker or probation officer must approve the alternative plan to ensure it will not be detrimental to the health and safety of any child in the home.

 

RFA Written Directives, Section 10-03.

A person is no longer considered a RFA applicant when they withdraw their RFA application. Withdraws are intended to be a voluntary decision by an applicant to discontinue the RFA application and assessment process when circumstances change, for example, in the event that a child returns to the home of a parent. No one else, including an applicant’s social worker, can decide to withdraw an applicant from the RFA process.

As a best practice, counties should only allow an applicant to withdraw from the RFA process if the withdraw request, including the reason for the withdraw, has been made in writing. In addition, the county should issue a Notice of Action to provide documentation that the RFA application has been withdrawn in response to the RFA applicant’s request.

Anyone who believes that their RFA application has been withdrawn inappropriately should contact the Alliance for Children’s Rights: 213-368-6010.

Note: There is pending legislation (SB 1083) that would allow someone who withdraws an RFA application to reinstate their RFA application within 12 months of withdrawing.

RFA Written Directives, Section 5-03A(e); Section 12-05(d)(2).

A: It depends. In some instances, the caregiver’s home could serve as a supervised independent living placement (SILP) for a non-minor dependent (NMD). A SILP is a living situation for youth ages 18 to 21 with open foster care cases (known as non-minor dependents). A living situation can be approved as a SILP if the county worker determines that a non-minor dependent is ready for independent living through a readiness assessment. The county worker would also complete an inspection of the home.

The SILP approval process is less rigorous than resource family approval – and if a caregiver’s home is approved as a SILP, they do not need to complete resource family approval. It is important to note that if a non-minor dependent pursues a SILP, there are implications regarding the support they receive. NMDs in a SILP receive the basic foster care rate (currently $923 and increasing to $960 on July 1, 2018), the applicable clothing allowance, and the infant supplement if eligible. In a SILP, NMDs cannot receive a county’s specialized care increment, the dual agency rate provided to regional center clients, and levels of care higher than the basic foster care rate.

Welfare & Institutions Code § 11400(w); ACL 11-77.

Yes. As of this year, counties and foster family agencies are allowed to place a resource family on inactive status. During this period of inactive status, a resource family is not eligible to care for a child in foster care. They are also not subject to the annual update required by Resource Family Approval (RFA).

A family must notify the county in writing regarding the reasons for inactive status, such as the birth of a child, a medical condition, or relocation. The written notification must also include the anticipated date the inactive status will end. When the family is ready to terminate its inactive status, they must provide the county with thirty (30) calendar days written notice. That family will then have to complete their annual update in order to care for a child in foster care. A period of inactive status is limited to two years.

A situation may arise where a child comes into foster care and the relative or non-related extended family member who would like to care for that child is on inactive status. If this is the case, a child can be placed with them on an emergency basis even if they are on inactive status. If this situation arises, the family will be expected to complete an annual update within thirty (30) calendar days of the placement, unless good cause exists.

CITATIONS: Health & Safety Code section 1517.4Welf. and Inst. Code section 16519.56RFA Written Directives, Version 5, Section 10-02.

Yes, the certificate includes the number of children the resource family is willing and able to care for. It is important to note that the capacity does not necessarily equate to the number of children currently in the family’s home. For example, a family could have two children in their home prior to being approved, but they might have room in their home and be willing to care for five children total. The certificate should, therefore, say the capacity is five. It is important for the certificate to reflect accurately the capacity so that there are not delays in funding if additional children are later placed in the caregiver’s home.

CITATIONS: RFA Written Directives, Section 6-08.

 In version 5.0 of the Written Directives, effective February 6, 2018, the “Psychosocial Assessment” will now be called a “Family Evaluation.”

The family evaluation is in lieu of an adoption home study, so caregivers that are approved as resource families do not have to complete an adoption home study. The family evaluation is also in lieu of a guardianship approval. This means that once a family is approved as a resource family they are considered eligible for adoption or guardianship. It is important to note that Resource Family Approval does not guarantee adoption or guardianship as a case plan.

CITATIONS: RFA Written Directives.

The caregiver should notify their worker right away. Resource families are required to notify their counties “within 30 calendar days prior to moving home locations or as soon as the information is available.” Once the caregiver notifies the county worker, the county must update the approval within 30 days with the caregiver’s new location information. The county that originally approved the caregiver as a resource family will coordinate the update after the caregiver moves, unless there is an alternative agreement between the two counties as outlined in the Out-of-County Approval Protocol.

An update may require verifying all the information in a caregiver’s original resource family approval application, a health and safety inspection of the new home, new background checks for any new adults in the home, revising parts of the family evaluation (formerly referred to as the “psychosocial assessment”) to incorporate new information, or interviewing people living in the home. A caregiver’s approval status remains in full force and effect while the county conducts any required steps in the update.

If the county updates the approval, the caregiver should not have to complete another update until the following year.

CITATIONS: Welf. & Inst. Code Section 16519.5(j)(1)Written Directives v. 4.1 Sections 9-02(b)(1)-(b)(9); 9-04; 11-06(d)

Scenario:  I am currently the approved relative caregiver for my granddaughter, who was placed in my home in February 2016. Her mother just had another baby that was born exposed to methamphetamines and, as a result, the child welfare agency is removing the baby from her mother and would like to place the baby in my home so that she can be with her sister. The county is telling me that they can place the infant with me on an emergency basis but that I must then complete the Resource Family Approval process and cannot receiving funding until that process is complete. Do I have to complete the entire RFA process?

A: No, the caregiver does not need to complete the entire RFA process. Instead, to receive foster care funding for the new child, a relative caregiver must complete the RFA conversion process. The reason that a relative must complete the RFA conversion process before getting funding for the new child is because under the old approval standards, relatives were only approved to care for the specific child in their care.

Conversion is a shortened process, in which an existing caregiver must complete the family evaluation (formerly referred to as the “psychosocial assessment”), but does not have to complete other components of RFA such as the pre-approval training hours. The caregiver must complete the conversion process to receive foster care funding for the new child. However, there should be no disruption in funding for the child or children for whom they are currently caring.

The answer to the question would be different for a licensed non-relative foster parent or certified foster parent. Because certified and licensed foster homes were licensed to care for any child in foster care, the county can place additional children in these homes without the RFA conversion process, and funding can initiate as of the day of placement. Certified and licensed foster families that have a child placed in their home at some point during calendar year 2017 have until December 31, 2019 to initiate the conversion process. However, if a certified or licensed foster home does not have a child placed with them at some point during 2017, their license or certification is forfeited as of January 1, 2018, and they will need to complete the full RFA approval process in order to be considered as a placement for a child in foster care.

Not necessarily.

Legal guardians DO need to go through a conversion process under the new Resource Family Approval process under certain circumstances. The conversion process entails a shortened process, where an existing caregiver must complete the family evaluation (formerly referred to as the “psychosocial assessment”), but they do not have to complete other components of RFA such as the pre-approval training hours. Conversion must happen by December 31, 2019.

A legal guardian must convert:

  • if the foster care case remains open after the guardianship is established, and the case is not closed by December 31, 2019; OR
  • the child has an open dependency case and the guardian wishes to accept placement of other children in their home; OR
  • prior to adopting the child over whom guardianship was approved, unless there was already a completed adoption home study.

A legal guardian does not need to convert if:

  • the guardianship is finalized and the dependency (foster care case) has already been closed, as long as there are no other children in foster care in the same home; OR
  • the guardianship is finalized and the dependency (foster care) case is current open, as long as the dependency care case is closed before December 31, 2019; OR
  • the guardian already completed an adoption home study.

All County Letter 17-16

No. The grandmother will have to “convert” from her current status as a previously approved relative to an approved resource family. This conversion process does not require the grandmother to complete all of the steps for Resource Family Approval. Instead, because she had a child in foster care (her granddaughter) living in her home during 2017, all she needs to do is to complete the family evaluation (formerly referred to as “psychosocial assessment”) under the new RFA standards. In the meantime, while she works with the county to complete the family evaluation, it is important to note that her grandson can (and should) be placed with her through the emergency placement procedures or based on a compelling reason even before she has fully converted.

Cal. Welfare & Institutions § 16519.5CDSS All County Letter 17-16

Until recently, caregivers who accept placement of a child under an emergency basis or compelling reason did not receive foster care funding until they completed RFA. Those caregivers would only receive funding through CalWORKs, and other county optional payments such as emergency stipends.

AB 110 and AB 1811, commonly referred to as emergency caregiver funding, now provides foster care funding to families caring for a foster child while completing RFA. You can read more about the emergency caregiver funding here.

An applicant must submit a completed Resource Family Application before anything else happens. If a child has already been placed on an emergency basis, prior to approval, it’s particularly important for the caregiver to submit the RFA Application within five days of the child being placed.

Beyond that, there is no general requirement that the remaining components of RFA be completed in any particular sequence. However, individual counties are permitted to develop their own process for completing RFA. That means that the county processing your approval may require you to complete the RFA process in a particular order or sequence.

In order to ensure applicants are approved quickly, it is likely necessary to pursue different components of RFA concurrently. For example, a county should not require an applicant to complete all of the required pre-approval training hours before beginning the family evaluation (psychosocial assessment), as that will simply delay the time for completing the approval process.

Applicants are encouraged to check in regularly with their social worker to see where they are in the approval process and see if the social worker needs anything further to move the process forward. The Resource Family Approval Guide includes suggested questions to ask your social worker on page 13.

Although applicants are approved to both foster and adopt by virtue of being approved through the RFA process, the applicant does not have to be willing to adopt in order to be approved. They may care for the child as a resource family (foster parent) without moving forward with adoption.

However, should the caregiver wish to adopt (and allowing for the fact that other requirements for adoption, such as termination of birth parent rights, must be resolved), RFA does streamline the process for adoption, because there is no longer a separate requirement for an adoption home study. In other words, if a caregiver ultimately decides to adopt a child after they have already been approved through the RFA process, they do not have to undergo an adoption home study. The family evaluation (formerly known as “psychosocial assessment”) that they completed as part of the RFA process takes the place of what used to be the adoption home study.

While the caregiver and the home are technically approved for adoption by virtue of being approved as a resource family, that in no way commits the family to adopt. Further, an individual’s expressed desire to provide a specific level of permanency (e.g. adoption, guardianship, or placement as a fit and willing relative) cannot be the basis to deny approval of the resource family applicant.

Welfare & Institutions Code § 16519.5(g)(5)A)(i)(II).

No. A child welfare agency cannot deny an applicant, specifically a relative or family friend, as a resource family for expressing a desire to care for only a specific child or specific children. Similarly, a child welfare agency cannot force a person to care for more children than a person is willing or able to provide for. If an applicant is only interested or able to care for a specific number of children, it should not be a basis for denial of that person under Resource Family Approval.

In addition, in some circumstances, a county may approve a caregiver to care for a specific child or non-minor dependent. More information about child-specific approval can be found on page 23 in our Resource Family Approval Guide here.

It is critical that families be supported throughout the approval process, particularly when a family has accepted placement of a child on an emergency basis or based on a compelling reason prior to being approved. These families are working to meet all the approval requirements while simultaneously meeting the needs of a traumatized child or children already in their care. Agencies working to approve resource families should consider the following:

  • Ensure caregivers who take in a child prior to approval receive financial support while they work to be approved. AB 110 and AB 1811, commonly referred to as emergency caregiver funding, provide foster care funding to families caring for foster children while completing RFA. Placing agency workers should familiarize themselves with the eligibility requirements for the funding, specifically with filing an Emergency Assistance form on the caregiver’s behalf. More information on the emergency caregiver funding can be found here.
  • Remember that the approval process requires a lot from families who are already stretching to care for a new child, and may be juggling the demands of work at the same time. You can alleviate the pressure on their time by offering childcare at trainings or allowing families to complete the pre-approval training in their home.
  • Provide families with the Resource Family Approval Guide, which the Alliance for Children’s Rights, the Step Up Coalition, and a wide range of partners developed to help caregivers through the approval process. The guide explains each element of Resource Family Approval and includes forms and other resources to support applicants. You can download the Resource Family Approval Guide here.

Not necessarily. Once a family is approved as a resource family, that family is approved to care for any foster child or non-minor dependent in foster care. But the fact that the family has already been approved through the RFA process does not guarantee placement of the child with that family. The placing agency is still required to make placement decisions based on the best interest of the child.

In some instances, a county may approve a resource family applicant to care for a specific child or non-minor dependent. This is a limited approval, which may be appropriate when there are concerns about the applicant, but the familial or tribal relationship the caregiver has with the child mitigates the concerns. Child-specific approval cannot be granted if the identified concerns impact the health, safety, or well-being of the specific child or non-minor dependent. It will only be granted in limited circumstances. Applicants approved to care for a specific child or non-minor dependent may not accept the placement of any other child or non-minor dependent unless the caregiver meets additional approval standards. At this time, only counties are able to grant child specific approval, but pending legislation would allow Foster Family Agencies (FFAs) to approve a resource family to care for a specific child.

Cal. Department of Social Services Resource Family Approval Written Directives § 6-07(d) (effective June 9, 2017).

All applicants must complete training to be approved as a Resource Family. The state requires a minimum of 12 hours prior to an applicant being approved as a resource family and allows counties to require more than the 12 hours minimum, at their discretion. It is important to check with your specific county to determine precisely what is required. The trainings cover many topics, including an overview of the child welfare and probation systems, effects of trauma, the well-being and education needs of children, and how to access support services.

Families who take in a child on an emergency basis or based on a compelling reason prior to being approved have to complete the “pre-approval” training required by the placing county prior to being approved.

An applicant must also complete a Resource Family Approval orientation. In some counties, the orientation is included in the 12 hours of pre-approval training. However, in Los Angeles County, the RFA orientation is separate from the pre-approval training. Applicants must also receive CPR and first aid certification no later than 90 days following a Resource Family approval.

Once approved, a family has to meet the annual training requirement of the placing county. At a minimum, each resource parent must complete at least 8 hours of training each year after being approved. Some counties may require additional training each year. Relevant specialized training may also be required to meet the needs of a particular child or nonminor dependent in an applicant’s care.

Welfare & Inst. Code § 16519.5Cal. Department of Social Services Resource Family Approval Written Directives § 5-03 (effective February 6, 2017)Resource Family Approval Guide (pp. 21-22).

NOTE: As of February 6, 2018, the “psychosocial assessment” will now be referred to as the “family evaluation.”

The term “psychosocial assessment” may sound daunting, but it is really just a series of conversations with a social worker. The social worker will be interested in how an applicant deals with setbacks, what lessons the applicant has learned, and how the applicant is currently living. It also includes a review of the applicant’s physical and mental health, substance use, and family background. As part of this process, a social worker will also meet with all the other individuals living in the home.

The goal of a psychosocial assessment is to get to know the applicant and evaluate their ability to provide a safe and loving home for a child in foster care. It is also an opportunity for the applicant to ask questions and gain an understanding of one’s role as a caregiver. These conversations allow for more thoughtful matches because the social worker will evaluate how an applicant responds to challenging situations and what support an applicant might need to care for a traumatized child while they recover.

Welfare & Inst. Code § 16519.5(d)(3)(B)Cal. Department of Social Services Resource Family Approval Written Directives § 6-05 (effective February 6, 2017)Resource Family Approval Guide (p. 17).

As a first step, you and your husband would submit a completed Resource Family Application, also known as the RFA-01(A) form, to your county’s child welfare agency.  The RFA assessment process will not begin until a full application is submitted so it is important to complete it as soon as possible.  If you already have a child placed in your home, you must submit a completed RFA-01(A) form within 5 business days of the child being placed in the home.

The 4-page form asks for identifying information about you, your husband, and others living in the home.  It also asks applicants to disclose information that one may feel apprehensive to share, including an applicant’s marital history.  It is important to answer the questions as honestly and completely as possible—and discuss any concerns you have with the social worker.  It is also possible that you may not have exact information for every field.  If that is the case, give your most complete answer and note if the information is not exact.

You should check in with your social worker regularly after submitting the 4-page form to see where the agency is in the approval process and whether they need anything further from you to move forward.

Welfare & Inst. Code § 16519.5Cal. Department of Social Services Resource Family Approval Written Directives § 5-03 (effective February 6, 2017)Resource Family Approval Guide (p. 12).

Yes. State and federal law provide an explicit preference for placement of foster children into the home of a relative. In addition, state law is clear that, when a child is removed from his or her home, if the child cannot be released back to the parent, the county’s first obligation is to attempt to find a relative. Nothing about Resource Family Approval (RFA) has changed this preference for relative placement or the obligation to find and place with relatives immediately following removal.

In order to promote placement with a relative or non-related extended family member (e.g. a close family friend), the law allows for an “emergency placement” of the child prior to resource family approval.  The word “emergency” is a bit of a misnomer, as the placement prior to approval can occur at any point in the case if a relative or NREFM is identified.  A relative or non-related extended family member who has a child placed prior to approval must submit a Resource Family Application (RFA-01(A)) within five business days of a child being placed in their home in order to start the Resource Family Approval process.

In addition to the emergency placement option, a child can also be placed prior to Resource Family Approval if there is a “compelling reason” even if the caregiver is not a relative or non-related extended family member. The compelling reason option is distinguishable from an emergency placement because a child can be placed only once the Home Environment Assessment is completed, meaning their home has been determined to meet health and safety standards. Additionally, the permanency assessment must completed within 90 days of placement.

NOTE: Until recently, caregivers who accepted placement of a child under emergency placement or compelling reason did not receive foster care funding until they successfully completed RFA. AB 110 and AB 1811, commonly referred to as emergency caregiver funding, provides these caregivers caring for foster youth with funding while they complete RFA. You can read more about the emergency caregiver funding here.

Welfare & Inst. Code §§ 309361.4516519.5(e)(2)(B)16519.5(e)(3)Cal. Department of Social Services Resource Family Approval Written Directives § 7-01 (effective February 6, 2017).

Prior to Resource Family Approval (RFA), approval standards varied depending on the applicant.  For relatives/non-related extended family members (NREFMs) (e.g. a close family friend), a criminal records/child abuse review was required in addition to a home and ground safety check and an annual review.  Nonrelative applicants had to undergo extensive training in addition to the criminal records/child abuse review and home and ground safety check.  If an applicant wanted to adopt, a criminal records/child abuse review, home and ground safety check, adoption home study, and submission of applicant references were required. And, if the applicant was applying to be a foster parent through a Foster Family Agency, the FFA had their own set of standards that often differed from the process a family going through the approval process with the county child welfare agency.

Resource Family Approval (RFA), which took effect statewide January 1, 2017, streamlined the approval process. Now, all caregivers, including relatives, NREFMs, foster parents (whether approved by a county or an FFA), and adoptive parents, must meet the same requirements and undergo the same process to be approved as Resource Families.  The intent of RFA is to be a unified, family friendly and child-centered approval process for all potential caregivers.

In addition to subjecting all applicants to the same requirements, the psychosocial assessment requirement replaced the adoption home study.  Now, if a caregiver wants to adopt, there is no additional home study required at the time of adoption.  Resource Family Approval was authorized under AB 340 (2007), reauthorized under SB 1013 (2013) and modified under AB 403 (2015) & AB 1997 (2016).

Welfare & Inst. Code § 16519.5All County Letter (ACL) No. 16-58All County Letter (ACL) No. 16-10.

Benefits/Funding

Yes. Families who are referred to an FFA to complete their resource family approval application can receive emergency caregiver funding if they meet the following criteria:

  • The child must be placed with the family on an emergency basis or based on a compelling reason.
  • The family is not yet approved as a resource family.
  • The family has signed and submitted a RFA application (RFA-01).
  • The county child welfare agency or probation agency filed an Emergency Assistance (EA) form.

For placements after July 1, 2018, funding will be provided to the family back to the date of placement. However, the RFA applications must be submitted before funding can be initiated.

Welfare and Institutions Code §11461.36; All County Letter (ACL) 18-75; EC Funding Letter and FAQs.

Under AB 1811, all caregivers, relatives and non-relatives alike, who are caring for a child placed with them prior to completing RFA, through emergency placement or placement based on a compelling reason, should receive emergency funding. The child does not need to be deemed eligible for the Emergency Assistance Program in order for funding at the time of placement to begin.

 

Welfare and Institutions Code §11461.36; All County Letter (ACL) 18-75; EC Funding Letter and FAQs.

Background: Assembly Bill (AB) 110 and AB 1811 provide emergency caregiver funding to California families who accept placement of a child in foster care on an emergency basis or based on a compelling reason prior to completing resource family approval (RFA). AB 110 went into effect on March 30, 2018 and was set to expire on June 30, 2018. AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110, so that families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive emergency caregiver funding. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement on or after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families.

A: Yes. Families qualify for emergency caregiver funding regardless whether a child welfare department or probation department has placed the child so long as the family meets the criteria required for emergency caregiver funding. These criteria require the following:

  • The young person must be placed with the family as a foster care placement. This includes those who are placed in the home of a relative or extended family member. Sometimes delinquency courts may order that a young person on probation be released to a parent with permission to reside with a relative or non-relative friend of the family. This is not the same as a foster care placement. If the young person is released, as opposed to placed, by probation with the relative, then it is not a foster care placement);
  • The family is not yet approved as a resource family;
  • The family has signed and submitted a RFA application filed (Form RFA-01), and
  • The county child welfare agency or probation agency filed an Emergency Assistance (EA) form on behalf of the caregiver.

Welfare and Institutions Code §11461.36; All County Letter (ACL) 18-75; Emergency Caregiver Funding (AB 110 and AB 1811) FAQ.

Background: Assembly Bill (AB) 110 and AB 1811 provide emergency caregiver funding to California families who accept placement of a child in foster care on an emergency basis or based on a compelling reason prior to completing resource family approval (RFA). AB 110 went into effect on March 30, 2018 and was set to expire on June 30, 2018. AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110, so that families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive emergency caregiver funding. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement on or after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families.

A: It’s important to note that the paperwork requirements are different for AB 110 and AB 1811.

For AB 110 funding, caregivers were required to complete an RFA application. Relatives caring for a non-federally eligible child were also required to sign an Approved Relative Care (ARC) application to receive AB 110 funding. Once the child’s eligibility worker determined the child’s eligibility for federal funding, the caregiver was provided the ARC application, if necessary. If a child was eligible for Emergency Assistance (EA) and not ARC, the county worker would complete the EA application which needn’t be signed by the caregiver. Under AB 110, which applies to any emergency placement that occurred prior to July 1, 2018, funding cannot be initiated until an RFA application is submitted.

Under AB 1811, for a family that accepts placement prior to approval on or after July 1, 2018, the RFA application must still be completed. In addition, the county worker must also complete the Emergency Assistance (EA) application (emergency caregivers do not complete the EA application themselves). For placements that occur on or after July 1, 2018, AB 1811 funding is available back to the date of placement.

Welfare and Institutions Code §11461.36; All County Letter (ACL) 18-75; Emergency Caregiver Funding (AB 110 and AB 1811) FAQ.

A: AB 1811 extended emergency caregiver funding available under AB 110 beyond June 30, 2018 for families with an emergency placement not yet approved as a resource family. Emergency caregivers receiving funding should see no break in payment.

Families who were entitled to a payment under AB 110 and did not receive such payment as of July 1, 2018 still have a right to receive that funding for the period between March 30, 2018 and June 30, 2018 when they meet eligibility criteria.

AB 110 & AB 1811 FAQ

Background: California families who accepted placement of a child in foster care prior to being approved and have submitted the resource family approval (RFA) application will receive temporary funding at the basic level rate of $923 per month for the period of March 30, 2018 – June 30, 2018. This funding is available in response to the plight of thousands of caregivers who have struggled over the last year to complete RFA while simultaneously caring for a child placed with them on an emergency basis without the support of foster care funds. The passage of AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110 so that families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive emergency caregiver funding. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families.

A: Yes, undocumented children and non-minor dependents are eligible for AB 110 and AB 1811 funding if they meet the funding eligibility requirements. You can read more about the emergency caregiver funding here.

Welfare & Institutions Code § 11461.35; All County Letter (ACL) NO. 18-33; AB 110 FAQ; CDSS Short-Term Interim Funding Pursuant to AB 110 FAQ

Background: California families who accepted placement of a child in foster care prior to being approved and have submitted the resource family approval (RFA) application will receive temporary funding at the basic level rate of $923 per month for the period of March 30, 2018 – June 30, 2018. This funding is available in response to the plight of thousands of caregivers who have struggled over the last year to complete RFA while simultaneously caring for a child placed with them on an emergency basis without the support of foster care funds. Legislators and advocates continue to work to implement continued funding for the 2018-2019 fiscal year.

A: Yes, a caregiver can receive CalWORKs on behalf of the child in their care during the first month the caregiver is eligible for AB 110 funding, which is equal to the basic level foster care rate of $923. During that first month, the family will receive AB 110 funding without any offset due to the receipt of CalWORKs benefits. In other words, if the caregiver is currently receiving a CalWORKs payment, the caregiver will receive AB 110 interim funding without any reduction due to the receipt of CalWORKs and they will not be required to pay back any of the CalWORKs received in that first month. After the first month, the caregiver will receive only the AB 110 funding.

NOTE: Passage of AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110, so families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive funding prior to RFA approval. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families. You can find more information on both types of funding here.

Welfare & Institutions Code § 11461.35All County Letter (ACL) NO. 18-33; CDSS Short-Term Interim Funding Pursuant to AB 110 FAQ

Background: California families who have accepted placement of a child in foster care prior to being approved and have completed the resource family approval (RFA) application will receive temporary funding at the basic level rate of $923 per month for the period of March 30, 2018 – June 30, 2018. This funding is available in response to the plight of thousands of caregivers who have struggled over the last year to complete RFA while simultaneously caring for a child placed with them on an emergency basis without the support of foster care funds. Legislators and advocates continue to work to implement continued funding for the 2018-2019 fiscal year.

A: No. AB 110 funding is limited to the basic foster care rate (currently $923 a month). Once a caregiver is fully approved as a resource family, then the caregiver can begin to receive supplemental payments and/or a specialized care increment if those supplemental payments are available in that county.

NOTE: Passage of AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110, so families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive funding prior to RFA approval. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families. You can find more information on both types of funding here.

All County Letter (ACL) NO. 18-33; Welfare and Institutions Code §11461.35; CDSS Short-Term Interim Funding Pursuant to AB 110 FAQ

The new tiered rates, which are determined by the LOC protocol, went into effect for placements through a Foster Family Agency (FFA) on March 1, 2018 and were to be implemented statewide on May 1, 2018. However, pursuant to All County Letter (ACL) 18-48, the statewide implementation of the tiered rates has been delayed. This means that the new tiered rates are not in effect for children who are placed into a county approved or licensed home outside of an FFA. This includes nearly all children placed with relatives or non-relative extended family members. Instead, these families will continue to receive the basic rate (currently $960 per month) and any applicable county specialized care increments (SCI). However, children placed through an FFA will continue to be assessed using the LOC protocol and receive the tiered rate commensurate with that assessment.

The delay in implementation allows the Department of Social Services (DSS) to continue to assess the reliability and accuracy of the LOC protocol prior to a statewide rollout and make any necessary changes to the protocol. In addition, the delay allows counties additional time to update their SCI plans. SCIs have historically been the rate available to provide for the additional needs of children placed outside of an FFA and counties will need to continue to operate their SCI programs after full implementation of the new tiered rates. Therefore, it is critical that counties have sufficient time to review and update their SCI plans to ensure that the specialized care rates conform to the new tiered foster care rates. County revisions to their SCI plans are due to DSS by June 30, 2018. The updated SCI plans will not take effect until the LOC protocol is implemented following additional guidance by DSS.

Watch the Department of Social Services update video for additional information.

All County Letter NO. 18-48All County Letter NO. 18-06All County Letter NO. 18-06E.

Background: As of March 30, 2018, California families completing the resource family approval (RFA) process who have already accepted placement of a child in foster care will receive temporary funding. This funding is available in response to the plight of thousands of caregivers who have struggled over the last year to complete RFA while simultaneously caring for a child without the support of foster care funds.

A: AB 110 funding expires on June 30, 2018, at the end of the current fiscal year. Foster care funding should replace the AB 110 funding if a caregiver is approved as a resource family by June 30, 2018. If the RFA application is still pending on June 30, 2018, the funding will terminate unless the state legislature has enacted a longer-term solution before then.

NOTE: Passage of AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110, so families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive funding prior to RFA approval. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families. You can find more information on both types of funding here.

All County Letter (ACL) NO. 18-33Welfare and Institutions Code Section 11461.35.

No. Funding is available as of March 30, 2018. No funding is available for the period between the date of placement and March 30, 2018, if the placement occurred prior to March 30, 2018. In other words, there is no retroactive payment back to the date of placement to cover the time that a child was placed in an emergency caregiver’s home before enactment of AB 110. For example, if a child was placed in the home of a caregiver in January 2017, there is no back payment for the period between January 2017 and March 30, 2018.

NOTE: Passage of AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110, so families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive funding prior to RFA approval. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families. You can find more information on both types of funding here.

All County Letter (ACL) NO. 18-33Welfare and Institutions Code Section 11461.35.

In order to receive interim funding, which expires on June 30, 2018, for those who have a child placed with them on an emergency basis while RFA is pending, caregivers must have completed an RFA application.

Relatives caring for a non-federally eligible child must also sign the Approved Relative Care (ARC) application in order to receive AB 110 funding. The child’s eligibility worker will determine the child’s eligibility for federal funding and the caregiver will be provided the ARC application by the county worker, if necessary.

In addition, the Emergency Assistance (EA) application must be completed by the county worker if the child is with a non-related extended family member (NREFM), or if the child is federally eligible and placed with a relative.

AB 110 funding cannot be initiated until an RFA application is submitted. For example, for a caregiver who has not submitted an RFA application, with whom a child was placed prior to March 30, 2018, that caregiver may only receive funding from the day an RFA application is completed through June 30, 2018.

NOTE: Passage of AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110, so families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive funding prior to RFA approval. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families. You can find more information on both types of funding here.

All County Letter (ACL) NO. 18-33Welfare and Institutions Code Section 11461.35.

The California Department of Social Services released an All County Letter on March 30, 2018, advising counties on implementation of the funding enacted by AB 110.

AB 110 provides short-term funding for the period of March 30, 2018 through June 30, 2018, for families who accept placement of a child prior to approval as a resource family, if the family has completed and submitted a Resource Family Approval (RFA) application. AB 110 funding is not available prior to March 30, 2018, even if the placement occurred before that date. Families that accept emergency placements from March 30 on, and who are not yet approved, will receive funding beginning on the day they sign and submit the RFA application.

NOTE: Passage of AB 1811 extends the funding initiated under AB 110, so families benefitting from AB 110 will continue to receive funding prior to RFA approval. AB 1811 also provides funding for families who accept placement after July 1, 2018 and are not yet approved as resource families. You can find more information on both types of funding here.

All County Letter 18-33Welfare and Institutions Code Section 11461.35

To receive ISFC services and supports, a caregiver must meet three requirements:

  •  they must be approved as a resource family;
  • they must be caring for a child in their home who has intensive medical, therapeutic or behavioral needs; and
  •  the caregiver must complete additional training which includes 40 hours of special training to qualify for ISFC. Up to 12 hours of general Resource Family Approval training can count toward the 40-hour requirement. This means that caregivers must complete 28 additional training hours to qualify for the ISFC program.

In a two-parent household, placement of an eligible child can be made when one of the resource parents completes 40 hours of pre-placement training so long as the second parent completed 20 hours of the training.

It is possible to continue to care for an eligible child even if the caregiver has not completed the training under the following conditions:

  •  in a one-parent household, the 40 hours of training are completed within 120 days after the placement or identification of the child.
  • in a two-parent household, one of the caregivers must complete the 40 hours of training within 120 days after the placement or identification of the child. The other caregiver must complete 20 hours of pre-placement training within 180 days of placement, or identification of the child, and the remaining 20 hours within 12 months of placement.

The county agency must provide necessary services and supports to a child even if the caregiver has not completed the training described above including the monthly financial stipend to the caregiver. The services and supports a child receives should not be contingent on completion of the training hours if the county places a child prior to that caregiver completing the training requirements .

Ongoing training is also required. Caregivers must complete 24 hours of ongoing training within 12 months of the placement of an eligible child and 12 hours per year for each year thereafter. Eight hours of the annual RFA training can count toward the ongoing training required for the ISFC program.

Welfare & Institutions Code, § 18360.10All County Letter (ACL) No. 18-25.

The ISFC program was created to provide supports to children and youth who require intensive treatment, including treatment for behavioral and specialized health care needs. Specifically, the ISFC program is intended to stabilize young people in foster care with the services they need in family settings and reduce placement in congregate care and residential programs.

Foster Family Agencies (FFAs) and county agencies can deliver ISFC services if they meet program responsibilities delineated in All County Letter 18-25. Specifically, agencies must:

  • identify strategies to recruit and train caregivers to receive ISFC services,
  • provide thoughtful placement matching between ISFC-eligible youth and caregivers, and
  • ensure that social workers with master’s degrees coordinate care for the ISFC program.

CITATIONS: Welf. and Inst. Code sections 1836018360.0618360.10All County Letter (ACL) No. 18-25.

Yes. Recent state legislation, AB 110 and AB 1811, commonly referred to as emergency caregiver funding, provides foster care funding to families caring for a child while completing RFA. Once approved as a resource family, a caregiver will continue to receive foster care benefits for providing care to a dependent child or a nonminor dependent. The fact that a youth turns 18 while the RFA application is pending does not change anything about the approval process.

A nonminor dependent could be approved to live in the caregiver’s home as a supervised independent living placement (SILP) after turning 18. If the home is approved as a SILP, the nonminor dependent may receive foster care benefits for the SILP directly and the caregiver would not need separate approval as a resource family. SILP approvals are distinct from the RFA standards and a youth can be approved to be in a SILP in a caregiver’s home without that home first being approved as a Resource Family. However, it is important to note that the SILP funding would be set at the basic foster care rate and would not provide additional funding for any of the youth’s special needs. The funding for a SILP also goes back to the date of the SILP approval, not to the initial date of placement of the youth in the home.

CITATIONS: Welf. and Inst. Code section 11402(b) and (e)Written Directives v. 5 sections 3-01(a)(63); 11-18.

Lack of child care is a barrier to successful placements in foster care, as potential caregivers often must go to work or attend school.

Therefore, the State has allocated $31 million, to provide counties the option to create emergency child care bridge programs. It is important to note that each county that wishes to participate must opt into the program, and not every county will likely accept the state funding or create an emergency child care bridge program.

Caregivers and parenting youth who work, attend school, or have parenting activities beyond the scope of ordinary parental duties are eligible for the child care bridge program. The program consists of three components:

  • First: recipients of the bridge program will receive a child care voucher. This voucher is available for six months, but a county is allowed to extend the voucher for an additional six months if the family is unable to secure long-term, subsidized child care.
  • Second: a recipient of the bridge program will be assigned a child care navigator. The navigator is supposed to help the family secure long-term child care. The navigator will be available to assist with any necessary applications for child care resources and ensure that families are informed regarding the benefits of child care.
  • Third: all child care providers may receive trauma-informed training and coaching. This will help ensure that the child care providers understand the needs of children in foster care.Caregivers do not need to be approved as resource families to qualify for the child care bridge program, but which caregivers actually receive the voucher will be up the each individual county. A best practice would be for a county to provide an emergency child care bridge voucher to caregivers at the time of placement to ensure the child’s and family’s success, and to bridge the period of time between placement and when long-term child care becomes available.Counties that wish to opt in to the Emergency Child Care Bridge Program must submit a plan to the state by November 30, 2017 to receive their portion of the state funding for the purpose of creating a county program. The state’s All County Letter 17-109 and a recent webinar provide more information about how a county may opt into the program.

No, the law does not require successor guardians to be approved as resource families to receive Kin-GAP funding.

A successor guardian is named for the purpose of establishing someone who can take over as a child’s guardian in the event that the person originally appointed as the guardian for the child cannot continue in that role (usually due to death or disability). Children who enter guardianship from foster care are eligible to receive Kin-GAP payments if the child was living in the approved home of the relative for six consecutive months prior to the guardianship being established.  Kin-GAP payments begin once the dependency case has been dismissed.

For Kin-GAP payments to continue onto a successor guardian, the named successor guardian must have their home visited and assessed by a county social worker and must have a criminal background check and review of the Child Abuse Central Index (CACI) to make sure that the successor guardian’s home is a safe place for the child. Beyond that, the successor guardian and child welfare agency must complete and sign a Kin-GAP agreement.

Kin-GAP payments to the successor guardian may begin right away once the above requirements are met. A new period of 6 months in the placement with the successor guardian is not required to receive Kin-GAP payments and the successor guardian does not have to be approved as a resource family.

CITATIONS: Welf. and Inst. Code sections 361.3, 361.411360 et seq11385 et seq.

No. CCR does not change the right of children in foster care to stay in their school of origin.

Students in foster care continue to demonstrate the poorest education outcomes in the state, compared to all other student demographics. This reality is deeply impacted by the fact that children in foster care in California move an average of eight times during school years, and one-third of all students in foster care change schools at least once each year—losing four to six months of learning with each transfer.

A child’s right to remain in their school of origin is intended to mitigate this issue. This right means that a child can continue to attend the same school, even if their home placement changes. They can also follow feeder patterns of their school of origin, and matriculate to the next level (elementary to middle, middle to high school) according to the pattern of their school of origin. A child may not transfer out of their school of origin following a home placement change unless the education rights holder (ERH) decides it is in the child’s best interest.

If a child’s dependency (foster care) case closes while they are in kindergarten through eighth grade, they may continue attending their school of origin for the remainder of the school year. If the case closes while they are in high school, they may continue attending their school of origin until they graduate.

The focus CCR places on communication between providers about the best interests of children in foster care complements the right to remain in school of origin. To protect this right and other education rights of children in foster care, the child’s Education Rights Holder should always be included in the child’s Child and Family Team (CFT). The CFT has the responsibility to make critical decisions about home placements and other issues that directly impact and are impacted by school of origin decisions.

Until recently, NREFMs did not have a guaranteed source of financial support while they were caring for a foster child on an emergency basis and completing Resource Family Approval (RFA).

AB 110 and AB 1811, commonly referred to as emergency caregiver funding, now provides foster care funding to families caring for foster children while completing RFA. Both relatives and non-related caregivers are eligible to receive emergency caregiver funding equal to the resource family basic rate of $960 per month per child. You can read more about the emergency caregiver funding here.

Background:
I have been caring for my granddaughter since 2013, when she entered foster care. She has developmental disabilities and is a client of the regional center. The amount of financial support I receive for the care of my granddaughter keeps changing. Initially, I was told that she was not eligible for foster care benefits. Then, a couple of years ago, my social worker told me I could receive funding equal to the basic foster care rate. I know that most foster children served by the regional center receive funding that is substantially more than the basic foster care rate, but was told that because I was a relative, that funding was not available to me. Now I’ve heard the law has changed again. Can you clarify what financial support relatives caring for children in foster care are eligible to receive?

A: An approved relative caring for a foster child is eligible to receive all of the same financial support that is available to non-relatives. You are correct that children in foster care who are also regional center clients are eligible for a higher level of financial support, known as the “dual agency rate.” As an approved relative you are now eligible to receive the dual agency rate on behalf of your granddaughter (see more information below). The law has been evolving for the last several years, but as of July 2017, relatives are eligible to receive all of the same benefits as a non-relative foster parent.

Currently, the amount of monthly financial assistance received for each child is equal to $960 a month (the amount of the monthly financial support goes up July 1st of each year in accordance with the California Necessities Index). The new rate of $960 is the minimum amount that an approved family will receive.

You may be able to receive more than $960 a month. Children in need of additional support are eligible for supplements based on their needs. Every foster family, relative and non-relative foster parents, qualifies for these supports as long as the child meets relevant eligibility criteria. The supplements available include:

  • Infant Supplement: If you are caring for a young person in foster care that has a child, you may receive an infant supplement to cover the additional costs of providing food, clothing and shelter to the child of the foster youth. The infant supplement provides an additional $900 per month to support the baby or child of a foster youth who is also parenting.
  • Clothing Allowance: An annual supplement may be available at the county’s option to help defray the cost of purchasing clothing.
  • Specialized Care Increment: The Specialized Care Increment program provides additional financial support to families caring for a child with additional or special needs. Specialized care increments are available in most, but not all, counties. The specialized care increment that you may be eligible to receive is based on the specialized care system of the county in which you are residing. You can review the various specialized care plans for each county here: http://www.cdss.ca.gov/inforesources/Foster-Care/Specialized-Care.
  • Dual Agency Rate: Children who are both in foster care and clients of the regional center receive what is known as the Dual Agency Rate instead of the basic foster care payment. Children who are under three years old and receiving Early Intervention Services from the regional center receive a dual agency rate of $1,124 per month. Children who have been diagnosed as meeting the criteria for being a lifelong client of the regional center receive a monthly rate of at least $2,513 per month. (There also are four supplemental payments of $250, $500, $750 and $1,000 that are available to support children with additional needs beyond these base dual agency rates).
  • Educational Travel Reimbursement: If you are transporting the child in your care to the school of origin and that school is more than 3 miles away from your home, you may be eligible for the Educational Travel Reimbursement.

All RFA-approved relatives are eligible to receive these supplemental supports. Both the clothing allowance and the Specialized Care Increments vary from county to county, so it is important to check with your social worker to see what is available in your county.

Child and Family Teams

A child and family team (CFT) includes a young person in foster care and a select group of family members, current caregivers, professionals, community supports, and others who are invested in the family’s well-being. CFT facilitators should prepare all participants for the CFT meetings, offer reassurance and encouragement, demonstrate respect and cultural humility, listen to the individual CFT participants, and empathize with their needs.

CFTs are intended to identify the strengths and needs of the young person in foster care and their family, and achieve positive outcomes in terms of safety, permanency, and well-being. For that reason, it is critical that facilitators adopt best practices so that the goal of a CFT is realized. Learn more about CFT requirements and best practices by viewing the recent webinar here.

All County Letter (ACL) No. 16-84.

California Department of Social Services guidance notes: The CFT composition always includes the child or youth, family members, the current caregiver, a representative from the placing agency, and other individuals identified by the family as being important. A CFT shall also include a representative of the child or youth’s tribe or Indian custodian, behavioral health staff, foster family agency social worker, or short-term residential therapeutic program (STRTP) representative, when applicable. Other professionals that may be included are: youth or parent partners, public health providers, Court Appointed Special Advocates, school personnel, or others.

Senate Bill 925 (Chapter 151, Statutes of 2018) was recently signed by the governor and requires the inclusion of the child or youth’s CASA, if one has been appointed, to the CFT unless the child or youth objects. The provisions of SB 925 become effective January 1, 2019.

Welfare and Institutions Code §16501; All County Letter 16-84; Senate Bill 925.

Background: California’s Continuum of Care Reform (CCR) requires every child, youth, and non-minor dependent (NMD) in foster care to have a Child and Family Team (CFT). The purpose of CFTs is to engage the young person and their family with child welfare agencies, health care agencies, and other professionals to better develop the individual case plans and identify supports and services to meet the needs of the foster youth and their family.

A: In short, the child welfare agency (or the probation department, if the young person is involved in the juvenile justice system) has responsibility and authority to develop the case plan. However, any inconsistencies between the case plan and the recommendations from the members of the CFT must be documented and presented to the court of jurisdiction.

§16051.1 of the Welfare and Institutions Code states that a case plan “ensures that the [foster] child receives protection and safe and proper care and case management, and that the services are provided to the child and parents or other caretakers, as appropriate, in order to improve conditions in the parent’s home, to facilitate the safe return of the child to a safe home or the permanent placement of the child, and to address the needs of the child while in foster care.”

Disagreements may arise among the participants in the Child and Family Team. For example, two relatives might both request placement of the child. A trained facilitator should allow all members to express their opinions before making a decision. Ultimately, the child welfare agency makes the final decision, and the inconsistencies between the case plan and the recommendations from other members in the CFT must be reported to the court.

Welfare and Institutions Code §16501.1, All County Letter (ACL) 18-23.

Background: California’s Continuum of Care Reform (CCR) requires every child, youth, and non-minor dependent (NMD) in foster care to have a Child and Family Team (CFT). The purpose of CFTs is to engage the young person and their family with child welfare agencies, health care agencies, and other professionals to better develop the individual case plans and identify supports and services to meet the needs of the foster youth and their family.

A: No. Along with the case carrying social worker, counties may contract with providers or train non-case carrying social workers to facilitate CFT meetings.

Some youth and families have expressed concern that the primary social worker may not be sufficiently neutral, in their opinion, to provide constructive facilitation. They report feeling dissuaded from participating due to feeling that case plan has already been decided. Therefore, a neutral facilitator may be key in eliciting the full participation of everyone involved.

Although not required, CDSS strongly recommends that counties have a neutral third party to provide skilled CFT facilitation. If the county decides to use the case carrying social worker or another social worker to facilitate the CFT meeting, the worker must act as a neutral party throughout the CFT process.

All County Letter (ACL) NO. 18-23

Background: California’s Continuum of Care Reform (CCR) requires every child, youth, and non-minor dependent (NMD) in foster care to have a Child and Family Team (CFT). The purpose of CFTs is to engage the young person and their family with child welfare agencies, health care agencies, and other professionals to better develop the individual case plans and identify supports and services to meet the needs of the foster youth and their family.

A: Some teenagers or young adults in foster care rely on their attorney as their advocate. There are important instances where a child’s attorney should attend CFT meetings.

For example, the child’s attorney should attend CFT meetings if the attorney is identified as a natural support to the young person in foster care and/or their family. In such instances, the attorney should participate in the CFT meetings as a supportive adult, rather than as a legal representative with intentions related to the court process or any legal proceedings.

Note: Preferences of the young person in foster care and his or her family should be closely considered with regard to the composition of the Child and Family Team.

Welfare and Institutions Code §16501; All County Letter (ACL) NO. 18-23.

It depends. The child’s caregiver and biological parents are required participants, and in many cases, one of those two parties is the child’s education rights holder. If the education rights holder is someone other than the caregiver or a biological parent, the education rights holder is not a required participant in the CFT. However, the CFT may not make any education decisions with regard to the child unless the education rights holder is present.For this reason, the education rights holder should always be included in a CFT meeting where education issues are discussed.
As a best practice, education rights holders should be invited to participate in all CFT meetings as many of the issues discussed in a CFT can substantially impact a youth’s ability to succeed in school. For example, if a placement change is being discussed, the education rights holder is essential and can speak to issues of school stability.

CFT participants should always discuss whether the child (regardless of age, from birth to age 18) has an appropriate and engaged education rights holder. A child’s social worker has a legal duty to ensure that a child has an appropriate education rights holder at every court hearing. The CFT is a place to raise this issue and hear the youth and others about whether the current education rights is sufficiently engaged, or whether a new education rights holder should be appointed at the next court hearing.

Yes, a CFT must include the child’s current caregiver.
ACL 16-84

Short Term Residential Therapeutic Programs

 No. STRTPs, unlike group homes, are limited to serving youth who have high-level mental health needs that cannot be met in a family setting. Although group homes were never intended to be long-term placements, in fact, children and young adults in foster care often experienced extended stays due to lack of other placement options. CCR places increased emphasis on moving young people into family settings whenever possible. STRTPs will focus on stabilizing high-needs youth to allow an expedient and successful transition to a family setting. STRTPs must meet higher licensing standards than group homes did in the past, and staff must complete enhanced training.

Youth must be assessed to determine whether a STRTP placement is appropriate. That assessment can be done in one of three ways: (1) an Interagency Placement Committee, with the recommendation of the child and family team; (2) a licensed mental health professional; (3) the youth’s IEP recommends a STRTP placement due to serious emotional disturbance.

Welfare &Institutions Code § 11462.01 .